Historic North Circuit

Explore the Simien Mountains from a luxury lodge perched high in the escarpment, discover the architectural remains of ancient civilisations, and watch the sun set over the sandstone cliffs of Tigray. The Historic North Circuit is a flagship itinerary in the northern highlands, combining all the highlights north of Addis along a perfectly paced itinerary.

12 Days


Historic North Circuit - 12 - $2,866

Trip Summary and Itinerary Map

  • Explore Addis Ababa, the historic capital city named by the European council of tourism as the #1 tourist spot in the world. Addis has a distinct architectural style as it was only briefly colonised by the Italians in the 1930s, so there is markedly little European architecture outside of the Piazza. See Lucy who changed the story of man, and visit Saint George’s Cathedral, a famous rastafarian pilgrimage site.
  • Trek the Simien Mountains with a knowledgeable local guide. The jagged panoramas are staggering, with sheer cliff faces and gorges over half a mile deep. The paths you’ll use are also used by the local fauna, so keep an eye out for Gelada Monkeys, Ethiopian Wolves and Walia Ibex.
  • Take a boat tour of Lake Tana where you’ll visit the monasteries sat atop islands that this lake is so famous for. Remember to keep your eyes peeled on the water: approximately 70% of the fish are only found in this lake.
  • Discover Debre Berhan Selassie church in Gondar. Over a hundred colourful cherubs gaze down on you from the ceiling as a reminder of God’s omnipotence, and the country’s religious roots.
  • Visit Axum, one of the oldest inhabited places in Africa. Considered Ethiopia’s holiest city, it houses a field of obelisks.
  • Tour the extraordinary ancient rock-hewn churches in the city of Lalibela

Landmarks visited on Historic North Circuit


Day 1: The adventure begins

Fly to Addis Ababa, where you will be met at the airport. After a transfer to your hotel, enjoy a little down time by the pool, before taking your first steps into the city. The Italian-built Piazza sits next to famous markets and bustling streets. Nearby are the Grand Anwar Mosque and the Ragual Church. The Mosque and church are within a stone’s throw of each other, highlighting the peace between different religions in Ethiopia. In the evening you’ll meet your group and guide to enjoy a traditional dinner in a local restaurant.  Get lost in Mercato, the largest open air market in Africa. Its labyrinthine alleys are perfect for people watching or enjoying a coffee. Coffee ceremonies here are famous and a source of pride, be sure to try to experience this at least once on your trip!

Venture to the National Museum to see how it all started: meet Lucy, the 3.2 million year old fossilised skeleton here. Her discovery re-wrote the story of human evolution, as she was found to have walked on two legs. See the Holy Trinity Cathedral, famed for its copper dome and neo-baroque architecture. It houses the tombs of the former Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassi, and the British suffragette Sylvia Pankhurst. A short drive up Mount Entoto will take you to the Palace of Emperor Menelik II. From this vantage point, you have an excellent view of the city. On the way back to Addis, perhaps stop by Shiro Meda, the biggest garment market in the country, where hundreds of vendors line the busy Entoto Road and sell hand woven traditional cloths.

Day 2: Bahir Dar: Lake Tana and Blue Nile Falls

From Addis, you’ll take a one hour flight north to Bahir Dar. Here your guide will accompany you on a boat trip on Lake Tana, Ethiopia’s largest lake. Visit some of the peaceful monasteries nestled on the islands and peninsulas around the lake and, if you are lucky, wander through coffee plantations, enjoy some of the local brew and meet local farmers. As the monasteries were used for religious retreats, the lake and its islands serve as an unofficial nature reserve. Look out for white pelicans and ‘airbreathing’ catfish. Your boat tour will end at Zege peninsula. There is a short path walk towards Ura Kidrane Mehret, arguably the most beautiful of all the churches at Lake Tana, with hundred-year-old characterful frescos.

Later venture towards the only outflow of the lake: Blue Nile Falls. These 42 metre falls create such large amounts of spray that they are known in Amharic (Ethiopia’s official language) as ‘Tis Abay’ meaning ‘Smoking Water’, which can soak you from a kilometre away. A short distance down the Blue Nile lies a stone bridge built in 1626: potentially one of the famed seven stone bridges built by the emperor Fasilides. This river and another, the White Nile, are the two main tributaries to the Nile, the world’s longest river.

Day 3: Lalibela

From Bahir Dar m you’ll take a short flight to Lalibela, home of the rock-hewn churches and a World Heritage Site. These eleven structures are world-famous, having been built in the 12-13th century and carved out of single pieces of rock. Haile Selassi reportedly risked his life to make a solo pilgrimage here during the war with Italy, seeking clarity and guidance. Discover Biete Medhane Alem (House of the Saviour of the world), believed to be the world’s largest monolithic church, before navigating through the system of trenches to arrive at Biete Ghiorgis (House of St. George), the most famous and isolated of all the structures. It’s worth spending a day wandering through these mazes of rock and soaking up the heritage. If you’ve time, there is also a wonderful hike to a Monastery up on the mountainside. Finish the day with a delicious dinner in the famous Ben Abeba restaurant, a crazy structure of steel and concrete overlooking the hills and valleys of the mountains. 

Day 4: Gondar (2,133m)

Spend the morning visiting the remaining rock-hewn churches in Lalibela. Catch a midday flight to Gondar, the old capital of the country. Your first stop will be Debre Berhan Selassie Church, whose heavy and unassuming stone facade hides the colourful frescoes inside.

After this you will head to the well-preserved Fasil Gebbi in Gondar, described by some as the ‘Camelot of Africa’ for a guided tour. Now known as the Royal Enclosure, this was initially founded in 1636 and built by Emperor Fasilides as his home, but successive emperors and rulers added to his blueprint. Now, the buildings span over 70,000 square metres of land and include palaces, libraries, two lion houses, royal baths, and a women’s vocational school built by Mentewab, the Empress of Ethiopia. Within the enclosure there there are multiple architectural styles and influences jostling for position. The influences include Indian, Portuguese, Moorish and Aksumite. 

Day 5: Simien Mountains National Park – Gondar – Debark to Sankaber (3,200m) 2-3 hours / 7km.

A car will pick you up from your hotel in Gondar take you to Debark, the headquarters of the Simien Mountains National Park. Here you’ll meet with your trek leader and scout, who will talk you through all aspects your hike in the next few days. You’ll take a 4×4 some of the way to your first camp at Sankaber, but you will walk the final stretch (approximately 3 hours)  in order to acclimatise to the altitude. Ascending to over 3,000m above sea level and with a jagged landscape, you’ll be stunned by the views from the offset. You’ll be met with drinks, a tasty and hearty dinner, and a campsite in Sankaber where you can sit around the fire and swap stories with guides and other trekkers. 

Day 6: Simien Mountains National Park – Sankaber (3,200 m) – Geech (3,600m). 7-8 hours / 15km.

The first full day of hiking starts with breakfast, and then a trail along the ridge. This gives you a vantage point and incredible views over the foothills some 800m below. The mountains are known worldwide for their biodiversity: Ethiopia’s placement on the equator makes this mountain range a particularly temperate one. Your guides will point out flora and fauna of note, but regular sightings on this trail are of Gelada Baboons, Kilpspringer and Ibex. From these heights, you’ll be able to watch birds of prey soar on the thermals below.

A highlight of today’s path is Genbar Falls, a waterfall over a sobering 500m sheer drop which you’ll see from the opposite side of the ridge. After a break for lunch, you’ll carry on towards Geech, a remote traditional village with thatched roofs. This is the perfect opportunity for a booster: some coffee and injera. Then onwards to the camp which is a great spot for watching the sunset.

Day 7: Simien Mountains National Park – Geech (3,600m) – Inayte (4,070m) – Cheneck (3,600m) - 7 hours, 15km. 

Most of today’s path hugs the edge of the ridge. You’ll drop down through a forest of Giant Hazel before rising back to open grassland and continuing on your ascent up to Inyate. The views from the top are monumental. After recovering from the climb and the view, you’ll descend towards Chenek camp. This camp is well known for its visitors: Wallia Ibex and Gelada Baboons.

Day 8: Simien Mountains National Park – Mount Buahit (4,430m) 5-6 hours

Today you’ll reach the highest point of the trek so far. The day will start with a gentle trek up the Buhait pass before the trail steepens. The climb will test but reward you, with the jagged and steep terrain giving way to striking views once you reach the summit. As with the other areas, wildlife is plentiful here and people have spotted the elusive Ethiopian Wolf as well as Ibex, monkeys and an array of bird life. This is the perfect way to bring your exploration of the Roof of Africa to a close. Overnight at Chennek. 

Day 9 - Limalimo Lodge

In the morning, drive (~2.5 hours) to the incredible Limalimo Lodge. Spend the day relaxing around the idyllic lodge - the perfect way to bring your adventure in the Simien Mountains to an end. 

Day 10: Axum

After breakfast at Limalimo, drive for around 4 hours to Axum, Ethiopia’s most religious city which is home to an impressive display of Obelisks. The city is purported to have been the home of the Queen of Sheba. Rumour has it that the lost Arc of the Covenant is in the Church of St Mary of Zion. A short walk through the cobbled streets brings you to the stelae fields. Some of the 4th century AD granite structures rise to over 23 metres.

Day 11: Gheralta Lodge

Spend the morning exploring any remaining sites in Axum before driving to Gheralta Lodge. 

Day 12: Addis Ababa to Home. 

Head to Mekele airport and visit two fantastic churhces en route. Fly to Addis Ababa where your Ethiopian adventure will draw to a close. Be sure to squeeze in a coffee and some market walks before you head home. Tours of Addis, whether to markets and or food tours are well worth it and can be arranged. Enjoy a final night’s comfort in one of the better hotels in Addis. 

Prices, Departures and Inclusions

Prices are per person based on 2 people travelling together. Prices guideline only, actual price swill depend on final itinerary, accommodation choices, and time of year. 


  • Domestic flights.
  • All road transfers and airport pickups/drop-offs. 
  • All accommodation (accommodation choices can be changed depending on traveller preferences). 
  • All camping equipment while in the Simien Mountains. 
  • Fees for guides, scouts, drivers, and cooks. 
  • All entrance fees as per the program. 
  • Meal plan bed and breakfast. All meals included while on treks and at Limalimo Lodge. 


  • International flights and visa fees. 
  • Tips and any personal expenses.
  • Any not mentioned as included. 

Questions about this Trip?